The 2022 Nobel Prize in the field of physiology or medicine was awarded to Swedish geneticist Svante Pääbo “for his discoveries concerning the genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution” on Monday, October 3, 2022.
He had established an entirely new scientific discipline called paleogenomics. Pääbo’s discoveries revealed genetic differences that distinguish all living humans from extinct hominins, and provide the basis for exploring what makes us uniquely human.
Nobel Prize 2021 Recipients in Physiology Or Medicine
Last year, American scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian jointly won the Nobel Prize for Medicine “for their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch”.
History of Nobel Prize in Physiology Or Medicine
On November 27, 1895, Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament, giving the largest share of his fortune to a series of prizes, the Nobel Prizes. It was described in Nobel’s will that one part was dedicated to the “person who shall have made the most important discovery within the dain of physiology or medicine”.
The first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded in 1901, to Emil von Behring, for his work on serum therapy, especially its application in diphtheria.
The 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for “their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch”.
As many as 112 Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine have been awarded since 1901. According to the official website of the Nobel Prize Organisation, 39 medicine prizes have been given to one laureate only, 34 medicine prizes have been shared by two laureates, and 39 medicine prizes have been shared between three laureates.
As many as 12 women have received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine so far.
Gerty Cori was the first woman to receive a Novel prize in Medicine and the first American to win a Nobel Prize in a scientific field. Cori shaded the Nobel with her husband and lifelong research partner, Carl.
Peyton Rous, awarded in 1966 for his discovery of tumour-inducing viruses, at 87 years of age, was the oldest medicine laureate recipient.